By Kiley Baringer, Lexi Sterlini, and Emma Jones

Marcel Duchamp completely changed art when he sent in a urinal to be displayed at an art exhibit. He called the piece "Fountain" and submitted it under the name Richard Mutt. Fountain caused controversy and made people ask "what is art?" Duchamp believed that art could be anything. He states that Fountain is art simply because "He CHOSE it. He took an article of life, placed it so that its useful significance disappeared under the new title and point of view - created a new thought for that object." This idea that art was anything and everything has influenced modern art and artists since then.

Movements Duchamp Influenced

Dada- Duchamp was apart of an unofficial art movement called Dada, that changed contemporary art. Some people actually called it 'anti-art' movement. Since Duchamp had a major impact on contemporary art with his ready-mades many dadaist were influenced by him.


Artists Duchamp Influenced

Tracy Emin
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My Bed


The article "Duchamp's urinal tops art survey" states that this piece was inspired by Duchamp. Like Fountain, My Bed is also considered a "ready-made". It's actually made up of a bunch of ready-mades. Also like Fountain it doesn't seem like it's meant to be an "attractive" work of art. The bed is unmade, the sheets are stained, there is underwear and trash next to it. It's meant to make you think, and doesn't have an obvious meaning. Duchamp felt that art actually also involved the viewer interpreting what the piece meant. My bed forced the viewer to do just that.

Richard Hamilton

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Richard Hamilton was known as the father of "pop-art" and reconstructed Duchamp's The Large Glass using notes from Duchamp's The Green Box. He interpreted many of Duchamps pieces and was a friend of Duchamp. When talking about meeting Duchamp he said:
"Oh, he was the most charming person imaginable: kind and clever and witty. Eventually I became one of the family."
Andy Warhol
external image vtYp6.St.4.jpg Brillo Box (1969) and Cambell's Soup (1966)
Andy Warhol was another inspired by Duchamp. Both his Brillo Boxes and Cambell's Soup paintings were considered ready mades. The Brillo boxes were just like the ones sold in stores and Warhol didn't design Cambell's Soup Cans, so overall they were objects chosen by the artist to be art. Warhol also made a "Screen Test" film of Duchamp because he inspired him.
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Screen Test


Jasper Johns
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Three Flags (1958)

While Jasper Johns didn't design the American Flag he takes it and shows it to the viewer in a different way, like how Duchamp did with Fountain. Below is a sketch of the profile of Duchamp's face. It was shown at an exhibit celebrating Dumchamp's influence on modern art.


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M.D.


Quotes About Duchamp's Influence
"I threw the bottle-rack and the urinal into their faces as a challenge and now they admire them for their aesthetic beauty."
-Marcel Duchamp talking about Dadaism

“Marcel Duchamp, one of this century’s pioneer artists, moved his work through the retinal boundaries which had been established which had been established with Impressionism into a field where language, thought and vision act upon another.… The art community feels Duchamp’s presence and his absence. He has changed the condition of being here.”
-Jasper Johns

“Many artists have spent significant energies exploring his legacy”
-Mike Bidlo

“I was greatly influenced by Duchamp, if only indirectly, by questioning what painting is – and should be.”
-Vija Celmins









Sources

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/feb/09/art

http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2010/feb/14/richard-hamilton-interview-serpentine-cooke

http://www.examiner.com/article/new-smithsonian-exhibit-shows-marcel-duchamp-s-influence-on-warhol-jasper-johns

http://epc.buffalo.edu/authors/perloff/dada.html

http://www.warholstars.org/warhol1/12dada.html

http://www.toutfait.com/issues/volume2/issue_5/articles/girst2/girst1.html